Budafok, Budapest, Hungary
The provision of healthy modern housing for all was one of the foremost ideals of the Modern Movement, and inspired a vast wave of planning and building across the world during the 20th century. In the last quarter of the century, even as the foundational programmes of Europe and America lost their impetus, the baton was passed on to other countries, especially in eastern Asia, where the narrative of Modern mass housing was reinvigorated for the next century – a unique example of a key Modernist project that actually continues and thrives today, and which thus forms a principal focus of interest for DOCOMOMO – the leading international organisation promoting the documentation and conservation of buildings, sites and neighbourhoods of the Modern Movement.
As heritage, the built legacies of this diverse and multi-generational adventure are almost always too controversial to qualify for conservation strategies. Instead, therefore, recording and inventorisation must dominate the heritage interest in this field. In the recognition of that fact, DOCOMOMO’s International Specialist Committee on Urbanism and Landscape, in partnership with the Scottish Centre for Conservation Studies at the University of Edinburgh, has launched the International Mass Housing Archive, whose aim is to provide an openly-licensed library of images of significant housing projects in each working-group territory, free of copyright restrictions.
The International Mass Housing Archive is subdivided under geographical headings corresponding to the constituent working groups of DOCOMOMO, and the individual housing projects are searchable under city and project name. Initially, the Image Archive will be managed and augmented centrally by DOCOMOMO and the SCCS, in partnership with University of Edinburgh Information Services, commencing with pilot city surveys sourced from our own photographic records in the first instance.
Professor Glendinning has written several books about his research on mass housing around the world, the most recent is:
“Mass Housing Modern Architecture and State Power – a Global History” / Miles Glendinning. London ;: Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2021. (link requires University of Edinburgh login for full-text access)
The archive is related to several existing mass housing documentation initiatives. These include two concerning Britain, ‘Tower Block UK’ and the online version of the 1994 book, Tower Block: www.towerblock.eca.ed.ac.uk and towerblock.org/TowerBlock.pdf; and one concerning Hong Kong: see DOI: 10.7488/ds/322 and www.hk.towerblock.eca.ed.ac.uk/list-of-estates .